There are four main different skin types that we can have, and each skin type can benefit from different products to help balance out whatever the issues may be. The skin types we can have are Dry, Oily, Normal, or Combination. There are many different products you can use, and you can also combine products or do spot treatments on the face with one or more products at a time, depending on the areas of concern.
Dry skin comes from the lack of sebum or oil in the skin. It can tend to feel dry all over, including the hands and scalp, and is thus more susceptible to premature aging. Dry skin needs oil-rich products to help balance out the lack of sebum. This skin type has very small pores, and a dull rough complexion; it also has less elastic skin and more visible lines. There are different oils you can use as a product, such as the kukui nut oil which is rich in fatty acids, and can make dry skin feel soft and balanced, and this can be found in our pre-cleanse from dermalogica. I would also recommend the ultra calming serum concentrate and the skin-hydrating masque from dermalogica.
Dehydrated skin is a condition that can be part of any of the skin types, this is because there is a difference between dry and dehydrated and they are, though often misunderstood, definitely not the same. Whereas dry means lack of oil, dehydrated skin lacks water. It can feel oily and dry simultaneously, it can experience breakouts, and this type of skin comes and goes depending on your water intake/diet/environment and product regimen. This skin needs water-rich products. A product that is good for dehydrated skin is the colloidal mask for example.
This is characterized by excess sebum (oil) production, and larger pores in the areas of more oil production, as well as blackheads. This type of skin need help creating balance in oil production, but most importantly you need to accomplish this without stripping the skin with harsh chemicals such as alcohol-based products, because then the skin will over produce oil as a response and it will worsen the problem. Some products you can use for oily skin that we have are the clarifying masque and also the clarifying cream from ayur-medic. Applying a moisturizer after cleansing is very important, even with oily skin even though you may think you don’t need it, your skin can still suffer from dehydration while being oily. Exfoliation can also help control oil production, so I would recommend the orange blossom cleanser, or the daily microfoliant, and even an enzyme.
With this skin type you can have different skin types on different areas of the face. This is actually very common, and you can treat this by treating those areas separately and with different products. For example, if someone were to have very oily skin around their T-zone, but also very dry and dehydrated skin around their jaw line, I would recommend that we treat those areas separately. I could use something like the clarifying mask over the T-zone and the hydrating gel mask on all other areas, and also do the same thing with the two different moisturizers. Its just about recognizing the different areas of the face and what their concerns are and treating them accordingly to help balance it out.
This skin does not appear to have any major areas of concern but of course needs proper maintenance and hydration. On this skin type the pores are barely visible and they have a more radiant complexion. We can always benefit from hydrating masks such as the hydrating gel mask from ayur-medic or the colloidal mask from dermalogica; you could even do the oatmeal colloidal mask. You can use pre-cleanse or special cleansing gel, as well as active moist which is an oil-free moisturizer.
With all skin types come different conditions, so these rules may need to alter based on what other concerns or conditions they may have such as acne, rosacea, sensitivity and more. Recognizing the skin types first will help you create a product list for the client that will help them begin their journey to balancing their skin!
Submission By: Tarja Abid, Esthetics Student at WBI Woodland Hills